Monday, April 11, 2011

1-2 years

Developing and activities for 1-2 year olds

Gross Motor: This year your child makes leaps and bounds in his gross motor abilities--literally. From a few toddling steps at 1 year to running all over the place by his second birthday, you will be breathless trying to keep up. Some things you can work on during the second year of his life are:

throwing a ball overhand and underhand,
climbing stairs.

Fine Motor: Learning to use a spoon and fork are important milestones for this year. You can also introduce your child to coloring with crayons. Simple puzzles with large knobs are excellent for both fine motor development and spatial awareness. Encourage your children to build towers with blocks as well.

Language: Your child will most likely go from saying a few individual words at one year to communicating in short sentences by his second birthday! He will gain new vocabulary from books, daily conversations, and new experiences. Stimulate his language development by immersing him in a word-rich environment! Point out the difference between the words and the pictures in a book and encourage him to finish off the sentences in familiar books. Read rhyming books and sing songs.

Cognitive Development: This is the dump-and-fill stage! Pre-toddlers love to dump things out of containers and fill them up again. As soon as your child is out of the oral stage (putting everything in his mouth), encourage this by creating a sensory tub using beans, rice, or sand. Put measuring cups and spoons in there and let your little one go to town!

Social/Emotional: Your child will enjoy being in the company of other children, but won't actually "play" with them quite yet. He will most likely engage in parallel play, where he plays beside another child without actually interacting in play together. Sharing will be a difficult concept at this point in time, so don't expect your child to come by this naturally. Separation anxiety will be in full force (if it isn't already) by the time he reaches 18 months and will most likely gradually taper off around his second birthday.

Self-Help/Adaptive: By your child's second birthday, he should be able to remove a few articles of clothing himself. He should also be able to feed himself with a spoon and fork.

Spiritual & Moral: Young children approaching their second birthday can start saying prayers, or at least portions of prayers. They will also start to remember favourite religious stories if this is a routine in your home. Naturally, children are egocentric and will think of themselves only...this isn't wrong, it is just a natural stage of development. Our job as parents is to encourage our children to be thoughtful of others by modeling it ourselves.

excerpt taken from

No comments: